EMT Job Description


A 911 operator dispatches EMTs or emergency medical technicians to provide emergency life–saving services to patients who suffered from accidents like vehicle crashes, burns, street accidents, drug overdose, attempted suicides, gunshot wounds or heart attacks and/or strokes or childbirth and to transport them to medical facilities.


At the emergency scene, EMTs immediately look after the patient’s condition. They study the patient’s medical history and evaluate his present condition. Upon identifying the patient’s condition, they give proper emergency medical service adhering to proper rules, regulations and protocols and transport the patient to the medical facility, EMTs are under a physician’s supervision all the time and they constantly report to the physician the patient’s health condition. Once they arrive at the medical facility, they send the patient to the emergency department where they physicians and nurses promptly attend to them. They report all observations and corresponding actions to the emergency department. After delivery of the patient, they record the details of the trip, restore used supplies and recheck their equipment. They sterilize the van after transport of a patient with a highly contagious disease. They record all activities and report the whole thing to the proper authorities. EMTs have three levels of classification each certified by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) according to skills First Responder; EMT-Basic; EMT-Intermediate and Paramedic. The EMT-Basic has skills to give patient care at the scene of the accident and transport them under the guidance of superior skilled personnel. The EMT-Basic also can evaluate the patient’s condition and to apply proper respiratory, heart and trauma care services. The EMT-Intermediate has more advanced training while paramedics are skilled to handle all EMT activities plus administering medications orally or by injection. They can operate electrocardiograms (EKGs), incise endotracheal intubations and operate specialized equipments.

Education and Training Requirements

A high school diploma is the minimum academic requirement for an EMT. To work as a professional EMT, state licensing is required.

Knowledge and Skills Requirements

Good physical conditioning, agility, manual dexterity, and good eyesight are required needed to become a good EMT.

Working Conditions

EMTs need to work everywhere (indoors and outdoors) and in good and inclement weather. They follow a 40-hour workweek. They are at risk of exposure to contagious diseases and bodily fluids and psychologically unstable people. They need to be physically fit


An EMT makes $38,000 annually on average. Factors such as size of company, location, nature of the industry, benefits and experience may cause salaries to vary considerably among emergency EMTs.

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