Summary: A security guard is responsible of guarding, patrolling and monitoring premises to avoid theft, violence and the infraction of rules. His/her role is to safeguard the assets and people within the premises of a company. Security guards are trained to use various security and safety equipments. They must also know how to identify and respond to crimes, fires, unusual occurrences and medical emergencies.
Duties: A security guard patrols industrial and commercial areas to prevent and detect signs of intrusion; ensures the security of gates, doors and windows; monitors and authorizes the entrance and departure of employees, visitors and staff; writes reports of daily activities and irregularities such as property damage, theft, entrance of unauthorized people and unusual occurrences; calls police and fire departments regarding emergency situations; circulates premises in a constant time frame; warns people when infractions of rules are made; imposes force when necessary; operates detecting devices to screen individuals of prohibited belongings; drives and guards armored vehicles to transport money and valuables; and inspects and adjusts security systems.
Education and Training Requirements: A high school diploma is required of a security guard and a valid certificate to prove that he has undergone proper security training. In some states, the license is mandatory. Some security guards undergo training directly by the employer or they may opt to have security training indirectly from a private security agency. Agencies also require background checks and drug testing of the security guard to assure its competency.
Knowledge and Skills Requirements: Knowledge of relevant public safety codes and security procedures should be known by every security guard. They must be able to give full attention to their environment and premises as well as pay attention to small details in case of infraction of rules and obstruction of property. Knowing basic first aid is also helpful when it comes to emergency situations.
Working Conditions: Security guards are often found in banks, museums, hospitals, private offices, government offices, corporate industries, nightclubs and even stores working rotating shifts. Minimal travel is required as security guards are often assigned to a specific area or premise. They patrol on foot and sometimes in cars or motor scooters. Some security guards also work with trained dogs for additional assistance in determining and spotting intruders.
Salary: Annual earnings of security guards are $48,000 which may vary based on experience, location, and duties. Benefits generally include paid vacations and holidays, health insurance, and retirement plans. With significant experience, a security guard may advance to a higher position as a security director or supervisor.